The General What is Data Protection?Data protection refers to the practice of safeguarding sensitive information from unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration, or destruction. It involves implementing policies, procedures, and technologies to ensure that… More Regulation (GDPR) is widely regarded as the world’s strictest security and privacy law, promulgated by the European Union (EU) to regulate any organization that collects or processes the data of EU citizens. The European Parliament signed GDPR into law in 2016, requiring all organizations to comply by May, 2018.
The EU introduced GDPR to “harmonize” Data privacy is the process of safeguarding an individual’s personal information, ensuring it remains confidential, secure, and protected from unauthorized access or misuse. More rules across Europe and replace the Data Protection Directive 1995. Its primary goal is to provide greater rights and protection to EU citizens and improve how organizations handle consumer data. GDPR is built on over four years of planning and previous data protection principles, modernizing and strengthening security and privacy laws.
GDPR’s seven main principles govern the lawful processing of personal data. Processing includes data collection, organization, structuring, storage, alteration, consultation, use, communication, combination, restriction, erasure, or destruction of personal data.
Those principles are:
GDPR applies to any organization or individual that processes EU citizens’ data, irrespective of where the organization is headquartered. Personal data is defined as any information that could directly identify a living person. This is codified in an extensive list that includes: the telephone, credit card or personnel number of a person, account data, number plate, appearance, customer number or address are all personal data. Unique identifiers derived from digital footprints or biometrics are also protected under GDPR.
Individuals and organizations subject to GDPR are classified into one of two categories:
GDPR enhances individuals’ control over organizations and individuals using their data. These rights are:
The future of GDPR will likely involve further adaptation and evolution to address emerging technological challenges and protect individual privacy. As data collection and processing methods advance, there will be a growing emphasis on regulating artificial intelligence, What is Machine Learning? Machine learning is a subset of Artificial Intelligence (AI) that involves the development of algorithms and models that enable computers to make predictions or decisions based… More, and automated decision-making systems. The EU may introduce stricter enforcement measures and penalties to ensure compliance. Cross-border data transfers and international data protection standards will remain key focus areas. Additionally, emerging issues such as facial recognition, biometric data, and the Internet of Things (IoT) will necessitate updates to the regulation, fostering a more comprehensive and privacy-centric approach to data management.
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